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[Black History] Dred Scott v. Sandford

Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393 (1857), was a ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court that people of African descent imported into the United States and held as slaves (or their descendants, whether or not they were slaves) were not protected by the Constitution and could never be U.S. citizens. The court also held that the U.S. Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories and that, because slaves were not citizens, they could not sue in court. Furthermore, the Court ruled that slaves, as chattels or private property, could not be taken away from their owners without due process. The Supreme Court’s decision was written by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney.

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Supreme court backs Black Firefighters in Chicago

The Supreme Court ruled unanimously Monday that a group of African Americans may sue the city of Chicago on their claim that the city’s discriminatory use of an application test kept them from being hired as firefighters.